Wayne Frair

Wayne Frair, PhD. Photo courtesy Creation Ministries International.Wayne Frair, PhD (1926-fl. 1946-29 Jan 2015) became a Christian while serving in the US Navy during World War II. From that date forward, he always suspected life did not come from the "primordial soup" as his secular professors insisted. He served as President of the Creation Research Society from 1986 through 1993, and sat on its Board of Directors until 2004. His most significant contribution to creation science was the development of baraminology, the study of created kinds. He testified in the trial of McLean v. Arkansas (1981) He left his testimony about getting a higher education in secular institutions at the sites of Answers in Genesis and Creation Ministries International.

In one university, my freshman zoology professor presented as virtual fact what was Darwin’s main proof for evolution—embryology! Years later I returned, and this professor then was an anti-evolutionist. At another university I effectively was jettisoned by a professor strongly antagonistic toward religion. In Rutgers University my major (Ph.D.) professor encouraged students who effectively could challenge even widely-held interpretations—including macroevolution! Nowadays, even though there is huge opposition to the concept of divine creation, the best understanding of current data is still that variation has occurred only within (not between) the created types (or ‘kinds’).

On 29 January 2015 Dr. Frair suffered a heart attack. He went home to the Lord at 9:30 p.m. that day, in Morristown, New Jersey, USA.


Fellow of Creation Research Society Fellow of American Scientific Affiliation


Professor of Biology, The King’s College, Briarcliff Manor,NY 1955-1994


1951a. Gfroerer, (before last name changed to Frair). The efficiency of the respiratory mechanism of Fundulus majalis. Trans. Ill. Acad. Sci. 44:276-277 (Undergraduate Research Section). 1951b. (also older name). Animals of the Bible. Paper for a course during my senior year at Wheaton College. 1951-52a.The Bible in Science Courses. This probably was prepared during the first year after college graduation while teaching at Ben Lippen School. 1954a. GLIMPSES OF SCIENCE—The Mud Wasp, The Ant, The Ostrich,The Eel, The Eagle and the Snail. Radio broadcasts on Chapel Time, hosted by Pastor Peter McClelland, over WHAI in Greenfield, Massachusetts, 15-19 March 1954. 1955a. Oh Calvary! King’s Life 2(9):3 December 1955. 1956a. (W. F. Frair and G. L. Woodside). Effects of 8-azaguanine on early chick embryos grown in vitro. Growth 20:9-18. 1957a. Outline of a talk presented at the 12th annual convention Of the American Scientific Affiliation. Gordon College, MA, 28 Ah 57, not published. 1958a. What are the scientific possibilities for original kinds? J. Amer. Sci. Affil. 10(1):12-16. 1959a. Evolution, Christianity and science. The Satellite 1959 (4):3. 1959b. Evolution, Science and Revelation. This 198-page book manuscript (ms) was written in response to a request from Dr. Howard Vos who worked for Moody Press. Moody later examined the ms which they felt was not publishable in its present form. The single copy of the ms is in the archive at Bryan College, Dayton, TN. Some material from the ms was incorporated into The Case for Creation authored by Frair & Davis and published by Moody in 1967. 1959c. Chapel talk at The King’s College 02 April 59. Outline is attached. 1960a. [Review of: All the birds of the Bible, by Alice Parmelee.] Eternity 11(5):46. 1962a. My experience with God. testimony requested by Campus Crusade for Christ International for publication in THE COLLEGIATE CHALLENGE. (printed?). 1962b. Comparative serology of turtles with systematic implications. Diss. Abstr. 23:2262. 1962c. Serological evidence bearing on classification of snapping turtles. Presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists in Washington, 14 June 1962. 3 pages, was not published. 1962d. Current studies of chelonian serology. Serol. Mus. Bull. 27:7-8. 1962e. Serological studies of scallop blood. Serol. Mus. Bull. 28:8. 1963a. Blood group studies with turtles. Science 140:1412-1414. [Reprint, see 1967a.] 1964a. Turtle family relationships as determined by serological tests. Pages 535-544 in C. A. Leone, ed. Taxonomic biochemistry and serology. Ronald Press, New York. [Reprint, see 1967d.] 1965a. An evangelical scientist looks at creation. Alumni Newsletter 14(2):4, 11 April 1965. The anticipated taxonomic value of comparing turtle nuclear DNA molecules “failed”—see 1967c, p.22 and 2006d, p.41.(Two lab photos in the folder). 1966a. Preparation of permanent tissue-section slides in general biology. Turtox News 44(5):138-140. 1966b. A priori approaches to taxonomy in biology. An assignment prepared for the summer Institute on History and Philosophy of Science sponsored by the Nations Science Foundation (and free) for biology professors. Summer 1966. 4pp. Not published. 1967a. Blood group studies with turtles. Int. Turt. Tort. Soc. J. 1(2):30-32. [Reprint of 1963a.] 1967b. (W. Frair and P. W. Davis). The case for creation. Moody Press, Chicago. 96 pp. [Revisions, see 1972e and 1983d.]. 1967c. Some molecular approaches to taxonomy. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 4(1):18-22,47 (References to turtles). 1967d. Turtle family relationships as determined by serological tests. Int. Turt. Tort. Soc. J. 1(5):12-18. [Reprint of 1964a.] 1967e. [Review of: Flaws in the theory of evolution, by Evan Shute.] J. Amer. Sci. Affil. 19(3):94-95. 1967f. [Review of: Atlas of protein sequence and structure 1966, by Richard V. Eck and Margaret O. Dayhoff.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 4(2):82. 1967g. The future of man. Twenty pages of text and two of outline. November 1967, not published. 1968a. Life in a test tube? Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 5(1):34-41. [Reprint, see 1970c; Translation, see 1973a.] The folder contains a letter from Dr. James D. Watson. 1968b. Universities and colleges having the creation point of view. (Specified author is Walter E. Lammerts, but I actually wrote this and supplied the photos.) Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 5(1):53-54. 1969a. The human skull composed of coal. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 5(4):133-135. (records with 1993a.). 1969b. Ignorance, inertia, and irresponsibility. J. Amer. Sci. Affil. 21(2):43-44. 1969c. Aging of serum proteins and serology of marine turtles. Serol. Mus. Bull. 42:1-3. 1969d Science and evolution. (for ASA in the fall of 1969, 3 pp.). Not published. 1970a. (W. Frair and B. Prol). “Aitkanti” blood sampling. Int. Turt. Tort. Soc. . 4(3):12-15, 33-34.(many original, including colored, photographs). [“Reprint”, see 1978a.] 1970b. The world’s largest living turtle. Salt Water Aquar. 6(5):235-241. [“Reprint”, see 1971a.] 1970c. Life in a test tube? Pages 268-282 in W. E. Lammerts, ed. Why not creation? Presbyterian and Reformed, Nutley, New Jersey. [Reprint of 1968a.]. No copies. 1971a. The world’s largest living turtle. Int. Turt. Tort. Soc. J. 5(2):22-25, 31. [Modified reprint of 1970b.] 1971b. (R. G. Ackman, S. N. Hooper, and W. Frair). Comparison of the fatty acid compositions of depot fats from fresh-water and marine turtles. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 40(4B):931-944. 1971c. [Review of: Nomogenesis or evolution determined by law, by Leo S. Berg.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 8(3):207-208. 1971d. Hematological and serological studies on sea turtles. Herp. Rev. 3(6):106. (Abstr.) 1972a. Taxonomic relations among chelydrid and kinosternid turtles elucidated by serological tests. Copeia 1972(1):97-108. 1972b. (S. Cook, D. Abb, and W. Frair). A new record size box turtle. Int. Turt. Tort. Soc. J. 6(3):9-17. 1972c. (W. Frair, R. G. Ackman, and N. Mrosovsky). Body temperature of Dermochelys coriacea: warm turtle from cold water. Science 177:791-793. (1974c is in this folder and also information on the Dermochelys carapace). 1972d. Leatherback: northward ho! Aquasphere. J. New England Aquar., Boston 6(3):12-15 1972e. (W. Frair and P. W. Davis). The case for creation. Revised edition. Moody Press, Chicago. 93 pp. [Revised reset updating of 1967b. Also see 1983d.] 1972f. Creation and evolution in the contemporary scene. [Speech probably given in TKC chapel in the fall(?) of 1972. 15 pp.] Not published. 1973a. Vida num tubo de ensaio? Folha Criacionista. Publicado pela Sociedade Criacionista Brasileira. Ano 2. Numero 4:3-20. [Portuguese translation of 1968a.] 1973b. CREATION, EVOLUTION, and MOLECULAR BIOLOGY—PROTEINS Presentation during the 28th Annual ASA Meeting at Geneva College, Beaver Falls, PA, 21 August 1973 (13 pages). Also there is a 2-page abstract and a 1-page handout. The handout was published as “COMPARATIVE STUDIES” in the August-September issue of the Bible-Science Newsletter, 1974, 12(8&9):12. 1973c “The Bible and Science” Class. [Short radio broadcast from Calvary Baptist Church in New York City where I was teaching classes on Science and the Bible during the fall of 1973.] Not published. 1973-75a During the fall of 1973, 1974 and 1975 four separate short articles were published in a new Metropolitan New York Magazine titled Alternatives. The articles are {1}“Purpose and Chance” 1(2):14; {2}“Creation and Evolution” 1(3):14-15; {3}“Why Faith in God?” 2(3):11; and {4}“Go To The Ant” 3(4):17. 1974a. "Thermal Studies”, a talk for the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) chapter meeting at the local Western Connecticut State College in Danbury, 31 January 1974. Not published. 1974b. A lesson from the lightning bug. Visitor #271. Good News Publishers, Westchester Illinois, 60153. 1974c. W. H. Neill and E. D. Stevens; F. G. Carey, and K. D. Lawson; N. Mrosovsky and W. Frair). Thermal inertia versus thermoregulation in “warm” turtles and tunas. Science 184:1008-1010 (31 May 1974). [In with 1972c.] 1974d. [Review of: Perspectives in zoology, by Alan Boyden.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 11(2):129-130. [See also 1975b.] 1974e. Comparative studies. Bible-Science Newsletter 12(8&9):12. [With 1973b.] 1974f. BOTANY LABORATORY PROCEDURES mimeographed 1974. The first issue was produced in 1957 at and for use by The King’s College Biology Department. The manual frequently was revised. Not published. (One copy was mailed to the Special Collections Dept. at Iowa State University in Ames). 1975a. [Review of: The evolution of intelligence, by David Stenhouse.] Amer. Biol. Teach. 37(2):121. 1975b. [Review of: Perspectives in zoology, by Alan Boyden.] Quart. Rev. Biol. 50(1):101. [See also 1974d.] 1975c. Gastric brooding. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 12(1):68. 1977a. Sea turtle red blood cell parameters correlated with carapace lengths. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 56A:467-472. 1977b. The heart of creation. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 14(1):61-62. 1977c. The Protostomia-Deuterostomia theory. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 14(1):72. The folder contains a letter from Professor Soren Lovtrup. 1977d. Turtle red blood cell packed volumes, sizes, and numbers. Herpetologica 33(2):167-190. 1977e. Human Relations Award Talk at the Dale Carnegie Institute of Westchester class, 22 Nv 1977. Not published. 1978a. (W. Frair and B. Prol). Taxonomic study of the giant leather-back turtle (Dermochelys coriacea). Pages 187-194 in P. H. Oehser and J. S. Lea, eds. National Geographic Society research reports 1969. National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C. [Modified reprint of 1970a. Exhibit at Arkansas Trial Dm 1981.] 1978b. [Review of: Inhabitants of the planet earth: kingdom animalia, six 16 mm color-sound films. Ward’s Natural Science Establishment, Inc.] Am. Biol. Teach. 40(7):444. 1978c. (W. Frair, R. A. Mittermeier, and A. G. J. Rhodin). Blood chemistry and relations among Podocnemis turtles. (Pleurodira, Pelomedusidae). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 61B:139-143. 1978d. [Review of: Evolution of living organisms, by Pierre P. Grasse.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 15(3):171-172. 1979a. [Review of: The problem of evolution: a study of the philosophical repercussions of evolutionary science, by John N. Deely and Raymond J. Nogar.] J. Amer. Sci. Affil. 31(3):167. 1979b. Taxonomic relations among sea turtles elucidated by serological tests. Herpetologica 35(3):239-244. 1979c. Contributions of serology to sea turtle classification. Text of the oral presentation (Session 662) 30 December 79 in Tampa, Florida. The title may be seen on p.75 in the program of the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Zoologists. An abstract of the talk was published in the American Zoologist 19(3):983; 1979. 1979d. [Review of: God beyond nature, by R. E. D. Clark.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 16(3):186-187. [Reprint, see 1980b.] 1980a. Serological survey of pleurodiran turtles. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 65B:505-511. 1980b. [Review of: God beyond nature, by R. E. D. Clark.] THE KING’S COLLEGE Faculty Forum 6(3):9. [Modified reprint of 1979d.] 1981a. Dedication to Wilbert Henry Rusch, Sr. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 18(1):3. 1981b. Identification of blood stains for law enforcement agents, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. It was sea turtle blood from the loggerhead, Caretta. 1981-83a. This project was designed as “a broad phylogenetic study of vertebrate blood serum”. My hypothesis was that turtles were created as a separate type (or kind) and then diversified, but that they were not related to any other types of organisms. (See 1991b and 2007i.)Some early results were consistent with the original hypothesis, but circumstances at the time took us away from the project which I still believe deserves serious attention. 1982a. [Review of: Educators on trial: the identification and prevention of classroom malpractice, by J. Leary.] Am. Biol. Teach. 44(2):133. 1982b. Mother’s Milk. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 18(4):232-233. 1982c. (W. Frair and W. Ault). [Review of: Choices, 16 mm color-sound film. Regional Offices of the Forest Service, Experiment Stations, and State and Private Forestry Area Offices.] Am. Biol. Teach. 44(3):197. 1982d. [Review of: Biology for Christian Schools, by W. S. Pinkston, Jr.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 19(2):131-133. 1982e. Serum electrophoresis and sea turtle classification. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 72B:1-4. 1982f. (W. Frair and B. K. Shah). Sea turtle blood serum protein concentrations correlated with carapace lengths. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 73A:337-339. 1982g. Serological studies of the red turtle, Phrynops rufipes. Herp. 17(2):4-9. 1982h. Serological studies of Emys, Emydoidea and some other testudinid turtles. Copeia 1982(4):976-978. 1982i. [Review of: Evolution: Genesis and revelations, by C. Leon Harris.] A review (now 2 pp.) was requested and book sent by American Biology Teacher Book Review Editor, Emmett L. Wright. The review, which was received and revised by editors, was not published. 1982j. (W. Frair and T. Kivisalu). CONCEPTS OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE LABORATORY MANUAL (110 pp.)had been adapted and mimeographed in 1982 for use at The King’s College (TKC). The manual frequently had been revised. Also included is a TKC campus SELF-GUIDED FIELD TRIP (1978 & 1982 editions) with answer sheets all prepared by TKC botanist, Mr. Toivo Kivisalu. (None of the above was published, but one copy of each latest edition was mailed to the Archives- Special Collections Dept. at Iowa State University in Ames). 1983a. Serological survey of softshells with other turtles. J. Herpetol. 17(1):75-79. 1983b. [Review of: The Creator in the courtroom “Scopes II.”: The controversial Arkansas creation-evolution trial, by Norman L. Geisler, A. F. Brooke II and Mark J. Keough.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 19(4):228. 1983c. (W. Frair and J. Behler). [Review of: Liste der Rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Testudines, Crocodylia, Rhynchocephalia, by H. Wermuth and R. Mertens.] Herp. Rev. 14(1):23-25. 1983d. (W. Frair and P. Davis). A Case for Creation. Accelerated Christian Education, Lewisville, Texas. 155 pp. [3rd ed. from 1967b and 1972e]. 1983e. “A Positive Creationist Approach Utilizing Biochemistry, abstract of a talk at the National Creation Conference at Northwestern College, Minnesota, 10-13 August 1973.The folders contain a drawing of anti-evolutionist, Jan Peczkis (alias John Woodmorappe). 1983f. (E. Kiviat, J. L. Behler, and W. Frair). Distribution of the Blanding’s Turtle in New York. 4 pages, was not published. 1984a. Warmbloodedness: Where’s the beginning? Proceedings of the Northcoast Bible-Science Conference; 28-29 June 1984; Seven Hills, Ohio. Brookside Baptist Church:39-44. 1984b. Turtles: now and then. Proceedings of the Northcoast Bible-Science Conference; 28-29 June 1984; Seven Hills, Ohio. Brookside Baptist Church:33-38. 1984c. [Review of: The great evolution mystery, by Gordon Rattray Taylor.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 21(2):93-94. 1984d. [Review of: COSMOS: Carl Sagan’s religion for the scientific mind, by Norman L. Geisler.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 21(2):94. 1984e. [Review of: Two men called Adam, by Arthur C. Custance.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 21(2):95. 1984f. [Review of: Betrayers of the Truth, by William Broad and Nicholas Wade.] Origins 11(2)103-104. 1984g. [Review of Archaeopteryx lithographica reconsidered, by Gerald Duffett.] CRSQ Book Review Editor, Emmett L. Williams, had received another review of this book, and that was published. My review was not published. 1985a. [Review of: The nature and origin of the biological world, by Edmund J. Ambrose.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 22(2):90-91. 1985b. Another perspective on the 1985 BSA National Creation Conference. Crea./Evol. Newsletter 5(5):16-17. 1985c. [Review of: East African mammals. An atlas of evolution in Africa. Vol. I., by Jonathan Kingdon.] Am. Biol. Teach. 47(7):445. 1985d. A positive creationist approach utilizing biochemistry. Pages 33-36 in Science at the crossroads: observation or speculation. Papers of the 1983 BSA National Creation Conference. Richfield, MN: Onesimus Publishing; 1985. 1985e. [Review of: Darwin’s enigma, by Luther D. Sunderland.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 22(3):146. 1985f. The enigmatic plateless river turtle, Carettochelys, in serological survey. J. Herpetol. 19(4):515-523. 1985g. Biochemical evidence for the origin and dispersion of turtles. Proceedings of the 11th Bible-Science Association National Conference; Harley Hotel, Cleveland, Ohio. 14-16 August 1985:97-105. 1986a. [Review of: Adam and Evolution, by Michael Pitman.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 23(3):122-123. 1986b. [An unpublished Reply to a rather negative review of our book, A Case for Creation. See Slater & Walters.] 1987a. Use of proteins and DNA for understanding relationships among organisms: the origin and destiny of life. Lecture abstracts from the 1987 National Creation Conference, 2-5 August; Seattle Pacific University, Seattle, Washington. 2 pages. 1987b. [Review of: Evolution: a theory in crisis, by Michael Denton.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 24(2):89-91. 1987c. (S. H. Mao, W. Frair, F. Y. Yin, and Y. W. Guo). Relationships of some cryptodiran turtles as suggested by immunological cross-reactivity of serum albumins. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 15(5):621-624. 1987-88a. In five issues of CRSQ from December 1977 through December 1988 there are “Remarks by the President.” The articles have different themes and sequentially are numbered 1-5. (Enclosed is a copy of A Statement Affirming Evolution as a Principle of Science published in The Humanist 37:4-6, January/February 1977. A claim made is that creationism is “purely religious” , p.4.) 1988a. (K. P. Wise and W. Frair). NCSE meeting. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 25(2)83-84. {Folder has copy of the anti-creation pub.,Sci. & Creat.,1984, from Nat. Acad. Sci.} 1988b. The Narnia experience. (A guest editorial.) Bible-Science Newsletter. 26(10):3. {Schadewald letter in folder}. 1988c. Australopithecines: relationship to man? Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 25(3):151-153. 1988d. Review of research on Biochemical Relations. 8 pp. (Date uncertain, but latest ref. is 1988.. 1989a. (F. Y. Yin, W. Frair, and S. H. Mao). Physical and chemical properties of some turtle blood albumins with taxonomic implications. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 93B:283-289. 1989b. Unpublished book material, late 1980’s, but dates uncertain. Revision necessary. Topics include “Am I my brother’s keeper?”, “Homology”, “What creationists really believe” --science religion, courts, anthropology, etc. In a separate folder is homology-project material, including correspondence mostly with Paul Nelson (1986-1993). 1989,90a.Talks on HOMOLOGY at Bryan College and at Messiah College. Also, “Turtles: masterpiece of God’s creation”. Not published. 1989,90b.Lessons from the Turtle. 9 pp. written during 1987-1988 for a magazine (Christian Herald?). Not published. 1990a. Second response to Robert C. Newman. Pages 439-451 in K. S. Kantzer and C. F. H. Henry, eds. Evangelical affirmations. Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Mich. (no printed copy, but final draft is in the file). 1990b. Discussion of discontinuity sytematics.(ReMine) Page 214 in R. E. Walsh, ed. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Creationism, 30 July-4 August 1990, Vol. II. Technical symposium sessions and additional topics. Creation Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA. 1990c. Discussion of baraminology.(Wise) Page 359 in R. E. Walsh, ed. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Creationism, 30 July-4 August 1990, Vol. II. Technical symposium sessions and additional topics. Creation Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA. 1990d. “To the Editor” (creation and evolution): ADAPTION, a publication of the New York Biology Teachers Association. Autumn 1990, vol. XII, No. 1, pp. 7, 11, 12. 1990e. CREATION AND EVOLUTION. A 7-page outline for class presentations. 1990 is an approximate date. 1991a. All the views(a letter to the Editor) BioScience 41(1):2. 1991b. Original kinds and turtle phylogeny. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 28(1):21-24. 1991c. [Review of: Charles Darwin’s religious views: from creationist to evolutionist, by David Herbert.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 28(2):70-71. 1991d. Faculty PROFILE: Dr. Wayne Frair of The King’s College. By GEARY E. DANIHY. April 1991. Suburban/Metro College News, page 6. 1992a. Is Scientific American Scientific? Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 28(4):156-157. 1992b. [Review of: Darwin on trial, by Phillip E. Johnson.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 28(4):171. 1993a. Additional information on the Freiberg human skull composed of coal. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 30(1):36-39. (Records are with records for 1993a). 1994a. Dedication to Wayne Frair by Don B. DeYoung. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 31(1):7. 1994b. [Review of: Of pandas and people: the central question of biological origins, second edition, by Percival Davis and Dean H. Kenyon.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 31(1):59-61 (and failed attempts to get a review in other pubs). 1994c. [Review of: Originations of life from volcanoes and petroleum: a scientific theory opposed to evolution, by Donald E. Tyler.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 31(1):61-62. 1994d. [Review of: The biotic message: evolution versus message theory, by Walter James ReMine.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 31(3):161-163. 1995a. [Review of: Darwinism: Science or philosophy?, by Jon Buell and Virginia Hearn, eds.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 32(1):17. 1995b. [Review of: Creation: facts of life, by Gary Parker.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 32(1):61-62. 1996a. [Review of: Reptiles and amphibians in captivity breeding-longevity and inventory current January 1, 1994, by Frank L. Slavens and Kate Slavens.] Copeia 1996 (3):757-759. 1996b. Sudden appearance of the immune system in sharks. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 33(3):169. 1997a. [Review of: Darwin’s black box: the biochemical challenge to evolution, by Michael J. Behe.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 34(2):113. 1997b. [Review of: Defeating Darwinism by opening minds, by Phillip E. Johnson.] Creation Matters 2(5):7. 1998a. CRS salutes the CSF and the International Conference on Creationism. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 35(1):1. 1998b. “Letters to the Editor” Professor Maciej Giertych. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 35(2):99. The folder contains a letter from Professor Giertych. 1998c. Effects of the 1981 Arkansas trial on the creationist movement. Pages 229-239 in R. E. Walsh, ed. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Creationism; 3-8 August 1998; Technical symposium sessions. Creation Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA. 1999a. Creationist classification – an update. Creation Matters 4(1):1, 5. 1999b. Wayne Frair, Biology, (personal testimony.) Pages 313-317 in John F. Ashton, ed. In six days: why scientists choose to believe in creation. New Holland Publishers, 4/14 Aquatic Drive, Frenchs Forest, NSW 2086 Australia. 1999c. [Review of: Origins: linking science and scripture, by Ariel A. Roth.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 36(1):37. [Originally published in an incomplete form in CRSQ 35(4):220.] 1999d. [Review of: Taking wing: Archaeopteryx and the evolution of bird flight, by Pat Shipman.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 36(1):9-10. 1999e. Turtle taxa. Creation ex nihilo 21(3) June-August:5. [Letter to editor (Feedback) in response to “Turtles” article by Paula Weston in Creation ex nihilo 21(2) March-May:38-31]. 1999f. Embryology and evolution. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 36(2):62-67. 2000a. Tales of turtles. Creation: Spring Dialog 27(1):4-5. (popular, Margie Helder, ed., Edmonton, Alberta.) 2000b. (Wayne Frair and Gary D. Patterson). An inerrant Bible and effective science. Pages 19-51 in Richard F. Carlson, ed. Science and Christianity: four views. Intervarsity Press, Downers Grove, IL. (floppy disks, drafts, and reviews, but not final printings in file). 2000c. Baraminology-classification of created organisms. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 37(2):82-91. 2000d. (Wayne Frair and Patrick H. Clancy). Design at Yale. Creation Matters 5(5/6):1, 7. 2000e. “Consider the Corn” talk with Paul Irish. November 2000. 2000f,g [Review of: What’s Darwin got to do with it?: a friendly conversation about evolution, by Robert C. Newman, John L. Wiester, Janet Moneymaker and Jonathan Moneymaker.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 37(3):158-159. (On 1 June 2000 a brief review had been published on Amazon.com and labeled 2000g—in folder with 2000f). 2001a. (Wayne Frair and Patrick H. Clancy). Debate report 1. As a man thinks……. Creation Matters 6(2):4-5. 2001b. (Wayne Frair and Patrick H. Clancey-sic). Debate report 2. Scientific or unscientific. Creation Matters 6(2):5-6 (in folder with 2001a). 2001c. Verbal violence at the American Museum. Pages 3-4 in Warren L. Johns, ed. Bridge to nowhere: an evolutionist seeks answers? CreationistDigest.com. Exploring the science of life’s origin 1-4. 2001d. Why I am a creationist. Areopagus Proclamation 11(9) June 2001. 2001e. [Review of: Icons of evolution: science or myth, by Jonathan Wells.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 38(1):29-30. 2001f. [Review of: Getting the facts straight: a viewer’s guide to PBS’s Evolution.] One page. Not published. 2002a. Science and creation: an introduction to some tough issues. Creation Research Society Books, Chino Valley, AZ. 80 pp. 2002b. Ground rules for earth & life origins. Areopagus Proclamation 12(9) June 2002. 2002c. Quarterly dedication to Glen and Becky Wolfrom. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 39(1):1. 2002d. [Review of: Creation, evolution, and modern science: probing the headlines that impact your family, by Ray Bohlin (General Editor).] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 39(1):1-2. 2002e. Biology and creation: an introduction regarding life and its origins. Creation Research Society Books, Chino Valley, AZ. 86 pp. 2002f. Frank Lewis Marsh: his life and his legacy. Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 39(2):94-100. 2003a. [Review of: The right questions: truth, meaning and public debate, by Phillip E. Johnson.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 40(1):62. 2003b. Lazarus, Mary and Martha. Unpublished message written by Betty Frair with Wayne Frair who presented the message at Sunday Vespers, 04 My 03. 2004a. Why do so many scientists endorse evolution? Areopagus proclamation 14(6) March 2004. 2004b. [Misunderstanding the phenomenon of life: A review of: The way of the cell: molecules, organisms and the order of life, by Franklin M. Harold.] TJ 18(1):42-44. 2004c. [Review of: Darwinism under the microscope: how recent scientific evidence points to divine design, by James P. Gills and Thomas E. Woodward.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 41(2):103. 2004d. [Review of: The design revolution: answering the toughest questions about intelligent design, by William A Dembski.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 41(3):215. 2005a. Challenge of the tangles: re-evaluating concepts of life’s origins. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 57(2):131-133. 2005b. [Review of: Issues in creation number 1: A creationist review and preliminary analysis of the history, geology, climate, and biology of the Galapagos Islands, by Todd Charles Wood.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 42(3):193. 2005c. [Review of: Darwin and design: does evolution have a purpose?, by Michael Ruse.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 42(3):202-203. 2006a. Is ‘intelligent design’ really scientific? Areopagus Proclamation 16(6) March 2006. 2006b. [Review of: The faces of origins: a historical survey of the underlying assumptions from the early church to postmodernism, by David Herbert.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 43(1):13-14. 2006c. [Review of: The origin of man: the image of an ape or the image of God, by Stuart Burgess.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 43(1):47. 2006d. [The descent of Darwinism: A review of: The naked emperor: Darwinism exposed, by Antony Latham.] Journal of Creation 20(3):39-42. 2006e. [Review of: Inventing the flat earth, by Jeffrey Burton Russell.] I read the book and had started writing a review, but stopped because I discovered that Don DeYoung already had published one twelve years earlier in CRSQ 31(2) September 1994. 2007a. [Review of: The politically incorrect guide to Darwinism and intelligent design, by Jonathan Wells.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 43(4):219. 2007b. [Review of: Beyond forever: evolutionism’s end game, by Warren LeRoi Johns.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 43(4):231. 2007c. [Review of: Passive fear: alternative to fight or flight: when frightened animals hide, by E. Norbert Smith, Ph.D.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 43(4):250. 2007d. [Review of: Passive fear: alternative to fight or flight: when frightened animals hide, by E. Norbert Smith, Ph.D.] Posted-Amazon 10 Ah 2006 (same day 2007c was submitted by e-mail to CRSQ). 2007e. [Review of: Passive fear: alternative to fight or flight: when frightened animals hide, by E. Norbert Smith, Ph.D.] Posted-Barnes and Noble 10 Ah 2006 (same day 2007c was submitted by e-mail to CRSQ). 2007f. [Review of: A meaningful world: how the arts and sciences reveal the genius of nature, by Benjamin Wiker and Jonathan Witt.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 43(4)276. 2007g. Preface (pp. 11-18) of Creation and the courts: eighty years of conflict in the classroom and the courtroom, by Norman L. Geisler. Crossway Books, Wheaton, IL 400 pp. (Also see 1983b, 1998c, 2001c and 2007h). 2007h. [Review of: Genetic entropy & the mystery of the genome-the genome is degenerating, by Dr. John C. Sanford.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 44(1):55. 2007i. (Jerry Bergman and Wayne Frair). Evidence for turtle evolution? Journal of Creation 21(3):24-26. 2008a. Forward (pp. v-vi) of Teaching the controversy: a how-to guide for public (government) school biology teachers, by Patrick H. Clancy (56 Argent Drive, Highland NY 12528}. Xulon Press (www.xulonpress.com) 152 pp. 2008b. Endorsement (p. 1) of Battleground University: finding truth in fiction, by E. Norbert Smith, Ph.D. & Johanna Jones, M.A. Tate Publishing & Enterprises, LLC, 127 E. Trade Center Terrace, Mustang OK 73064 134 pp. 2008c. [Review of: A student’s guide to natural science, by Stephen M. Barr.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 44(3 Winter):179. 2008d. [Review of: Darwin’s conservatives: the misguided quest, by John G. West.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 44(3 Winter):202. 2008e. [Review of: Pioneer explorers of intelligent design: scientists who made a difference, by Don B. DeYoung.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 44(3 Winter):229. 2008f. [Review of: Atlas of Creation, Vol.1, by Harun Yahya.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 44(3 Winter):247-248. 2008g. [Review of: Investigating evolution: a six part educational series.] (A DVD produced by Coldwater Media, 300 General Palmer Drive, Palmer Lake CO 81033, 2007) Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 44(4 Spring):300. 2008h. [Review of: Chance or purpose?: creation, evolution, and a rational faith, by Christoph Cardinal Schönborn (Edited by Hubert Philip Weber, and Translated by Henry Taylor).] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 44(4 Spring):324. 2008i. [Review of: the Design of Life: discovering signs of intelligence in biological systems, by William A. Dembski and Jonathan Wells.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 45 (1 Summer):23. 2008j. [Review of: DARWIN STRIKES BACK: defending the science of intelligent design, by Thomas Woodward.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 45(2 Fall):90. 2008k. [Review of: Explore evolution: the arguments for and against neo-Darwinism, by Stephen C. Meyer, Scott Minnich, Jonathan Moneymaker, Paul A. Nelson, and Ralph Seelke.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 45(2 Fall):125. 2009a. Endorsement (rear cover) of CHARLES DARWIN’S RELIGIOUS VIEWS from Creationist to Evolutionist. Revised and Expanded Edition (1st ed. see 1991c). by David Herbert Joshua Press, of Sola Scriptura Ministries International, Kitchener, Ontario, N2E 3B3,Canada (800 563 3529) 192 pp. 2009b. They Call Him Dr. Turtle: Wayne Frair ‘51 devoted his career to the study of turtles. by Jennifer Grant ’89. SPRING 2009. WHEATON (Wheaton College, Illinois, Alumni News) page 22.(originally written by Betty Frair) 2009c. Would the discovery of extraterrestrials invalidate Christianity? Areopagus Proclamation 19(3) May-June 2009. 2009d. [Review of: UNDERSTANDING INTELLIGENT DESIGN, by William A. Dembski and Sean McDowell.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 45(4 Spring):292. 2009e. [Review of: Slaughter of the dissidents: the shocking truth about killing the careers of Darwin doubters, by Dr. Jerry Bergman.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 46(1 Summer):39. 2010a. [Review of: How to be an intellectually fulfilled atheist (or not), by William A. Dembski and Jonathan Wells.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 46(3 Winter):158. 2011a. My experiences as a creationist student in zoology departments of several universities. This manuscript had been submitted for publication to Pierre Jeristrom, Editor of Journal of Creation. It did not fit with their “Journal format”, and so he forwarded it to Tasman(Tas) Walker(t.walker [at] creation.info) who posted it on their web along with his requested photograph of me. Also it was titled “Chicks or Turtles—Which Came First?” 2011b. [Review of: Rational conclusions by James D. Agresti]Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 47(4 Spring):333 This review had been posted on Amazon 18 Ja 11 and a version to CRSQ Book Review Editor, Don DeYoung 18 Ja 11. 2011c. [Review of: The dark side of Charles Darwin: a critical analysis of an icon of science, by Jerry Bergman.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 47(4 Spring):340. This review had been posted on Amazon 08 Mr 11 and a version to CRSQ Book Review Editor, Don DeYoung 12 Mr 11. 2011d. What Most Convinces Me That Christianity Is True?. Areopagus Proclamation 21(6) Nov—Dec 2011. 2011e. Thanks for science memories. Science News 180(13):30 17 Dec 2011. 2012a. My experiences as a creationist graduate student.(personal testimony, revision of 2011a) Chapter 8, Pages in Doug Sharp and Jerry Bergman, Editors, Transformed by the Evidence. Leafcutter Press, 8415 Se Mcbreen Lane, Port Orchard,WA 98367-7937. 2012b. [Review of: Creation in six days, by E. Norbert Smith, Ph.D and Steve Kern, D.Min.] Creation Res. Soc. Quart. 46?(3 Winter):158. 2012c. [Review of: Darwinism: The acid that corrodes everything: its influence on religion, sexism, communism, capitalism, eugenics, and Nazism. RETURN TO LIST OF DECEASED INDUCTEES

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Just wanted to let you know that our dear Uncle Wayne passed away last night. He was 89. Keep his dear wife in prayer, our aunt Betty Frair.