William Whewell (1794-1866) served at Cambridge University as an Anglican clergyman almost all his life. As a scientist he authored one of the Bridgewater Treatises: Astronomy and General Physics Considered with Reference to Natural Theology. His scientific interests were wide ranging. He is credited with naming the Eocene, pharmacy Miocene and Pliocene geological epochs, as well as coining the scientific terms anode, cathode, and ion. In fact, he was even the inventor of the terms scientist and physicist, as well as the term catastrophism in geology, which he defended against uniformitarianism. He made important contributions to the study of tides, and invented the anemometer.
Excerpted from Men of Science, Men of God by Henry M. Morris. Copyright 1982, 1988 by Henry M. Morris. Used by permission.