Creation Day 1: Light

On Creation Day One, God said, “Let there be light.” Where did the light come from? Answer: it came from new matter, and it’s still here.

The Literal Creation Day Problem

Every creation day is a literal day, not much longer than a modern day. (At creation, a year was probably as long as the current year and had 360 days exactly.) The Hebrew word yowm (יום), from a root meaning “hot,” always means a regular day wherever it appears, or else day as opposed to night, or how far one can travel in a day. (A sabbath day’s journey is how far a man can walk.)

Evolution advocates sometimes inflate a creation day to millions, or hundreds of millions, of years. For an atheistic evolutionist, this poses no problem. As an atheist, he rejects the Bible out-of-hand. But a theistic evolutionist must explain how and why God created plants (Creation Day Three) a full two “ages” before He created sea life and birds (Creation Day Five).

But creation advocates have a problem, too. God did not form the Sun and Moon until Creation Day Four. So when God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light (Genesis 1:3), where did it come from? How and when did God separate light from darkness? How did He set up a day-night cycle from the beginning, three days before He made the Sun?

Details to explain

To explain Creation Day One, one must explain these events, that took place in this order:

  1. God created light.
  2. God separated light from darkness.
  3. An evening and a morning occurred to mark the first day.

And furthermore, this day-night cycle continued for two more Creation Days until God made the Sun and Moon.

This sequence needs a concentrated, on-one-side light source, or lamp, to appear at Step 2 above and continue to Creation Day Four. The Sun is, of course, the permanent lamp that gives light to one side of the spinning earth today.

Conventional explanations

Most creation apologists (as distinct from creation investigators) ignore the problem. God did not need a single lamp on Creation Days One through Three, because God was that Lamp. (See four typical examples of such apologies.) Any evolution advocate will say at once, and correctly, that this begs the question. Why did God bother with the Sun, if He already had a good lamp (or was the Lamp) for the earth? Furthermore, this multiples miracles. If the Bible directly attests to a miracle, one may invoke it. If not, not.

Jonathan Sarfati of Creation Ministries International showed the problem that theistic evolutionists, or “progressive creationists,” have. They explain Creation Day Four by saying that a very dense overcast suddenly resolved on that day and revealed the Sun. Sarfati thus firmly holds that God created the Sun on Creation Day Four and not before then. But he still does not say what sort of lamp God made on Creation Day One.

An engineer speaks

The Cosmic Microwave Background: leftover from Creation Day One?

The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe map. Photo: NASA

Most will better recognize Dr. Walter T. Brown for his Hydroplate Theory of the Global Flood. But Brown did not ignore the early creation of the universe. He applied himself to that with the same ruthless economy of miracles that he uses in all his work.

To answer the question, “What was the light on Creation Day One?” he points to only one miracle: creation itself. Before light came to be, the earth came to be, formless and empty. In short, the earth, and all the other matter for all the other objects in the universe, came to be as just so many elementary particles. Most of these would be protons, neutrons, and electrons. As soon as these particles appeared, the four elementary forces known to physics would act on them at once:

  1. The strong force.
  2. The weak force.
  3. Electro-magnetism.
  4. Gravity.

The first two forces would pull protons and neutrons together to form atoms. Electro-magnetism would make the electrons fall into place. Finally, gravity would form a large object, i.e. the earth. And as the electrons fell into place, they would give off light. That was the light of Creation Day One, Step 1 above.

This light would at first shine everywhere, from every direction. The light from earth’s forming would go out in less than a second. But light would then fall on earth from the surrounding matter. But before the day was over, it would fall on the earth from further-distant matter. This matter would not distribute itself uniformly in the sky. Most of it would be on one side. And at this time, the light would be “hot,” because the universe had not yet stretched to its present extent. So for three days, the light shone more from one side than the other. This was the lamp that set up the day-night cycle on Creation Day One.

By Creation Day Three, the light would become uniform, because other matter on the “night” side would start reflecting it. But on or before Creation Day Four, the universe would stretch out. This would cool the ambient light in the universe to its present very cold level: 2.73 K, not much above absolute zero.

Where is this light?

This light persists today as the Cosmic Microwave Background, or CMB. Proponents of the Big Bang theory assumed that a large amount of background radiation stopped the first atoms from fusing together after they had produced hydrogen and helium. Without this very hot light, the universe would have far more heavier elements in it than it does today.

But the CMB presents another problem. Why is it so smooth? Brown reports that, as long as 25 years after discovering it, scientists could find no variation in its intensity from one part of the sky to another. The CMB does vary, but thus far only to one part in a hundred thousand. That’s not even enough variation to form a galaxy, let alone the local groups, clusters and superclusters that astronomers see today.

According to Brown, conventional observers know this. Ivars Peterson, in Science News (1990), said:

But this uniformity [in the CMB] is difficult to reconcile with the obvious clumping of matter into galaxies, clusters of galaxies and even larger features extending across vast regions of the universe, such as “walls” and “bubbles.”

M. Mitchell Waldrop, writing in Science (13 November 1987), said this even earlier:

The theorists know of no way such a monster [a massive accumulation of galaxies, called the Great Wall] could have condensed in the time available since the Big Bang, especially considering that the 2.7 K background radiation reveals a universe that was very homogeneous in the beginning.

Are “Great Walls of Galaxies” recent objects only? Not so. The Hubble Space Telescope has found large objects like these at the farthest reaches of the universe. By any understanding of cosmology, these farthest reaches are also the earliest parts. In short, God made the universe that way from the beginning. Yet the CMB is still uniform.


The first great lamp, that lit the earth from Creation Day One through Three, is not a separate miracle. It is a natural consequence of the miracle of creation itself. And that light very likely is still apparent, as a phenomenon that astronomers expected to see, but still does not look as they expected it to look.

Reprinted from Conservative News and Views.

4 thoughts on “Creation Day 1: Light

  1. There’s some factors that I have never heard considered among Creation Scientists in this scenario. The details of the Genesis 1 Hebrew text give a lot more to chew on. Outer-space in Hebrew is called the ‘raqia’ [which is some kind of ‘invisible structure’ that holds each celestial body in a fixed location] . In Genesis 1:8 God named this raqia ‘Shamiym’ (Heavens). In Hebrew ‘shamiym means ‘lofty waters’. To add to this, in Hebrew there are plural words that have the value of two. The first one is found in Genesis 1:1: It’s the word we translate as ‘the Heavens’. In the Hebrew text it literally means ‘the-two-heavens’. Then you go down to verses 6-8, and there’s dual-plural words in those verses, the sum of which is that there are 2 bodies of water above outer-space and 2 bodies of water on the earth. Why would God want us to know that there are 2 bodies of water beyond the stars? What can we relate it to on earth? What comes to mind is whirlpools. Whirlpools in moving bodies of water have boundaries. With these thoughts in mind, consider the following:
    First of all instead of thinking ‘horizontal water surface’ in verse 2, consider that the Holy Spirit is completely encasing a huge mass of water that is ‘pregnant’ with the whole universe. Presumably, the mass is in some kind of spherical shape, and the rate of the hovering action was faster than the original speed of light.
    At that point in time the earth had an assigned location in the midst of the water, but it had no form and no sustenance… Kind of like a baby who has been given a name and whose life is all planned out, but that baby hasn’t been conceived yet. The earth had an assigned location in the midst of the waters, but nothing was there.
    As the encased mass of water is being intensely vibrated by the Spirit of God, the next thing we read is God said, “Let there be light”, and then the whole thing lights up! Then the Spirit of God takes that whole mass of water and spins it in a complete circle in the amount of time as one 24 hour Sabbath. When water is spun, it moves outward, just like the water in a washing machine on spin cycle. It keeps going until it reaches a boundary.
    At the end of the first 24 hour spin cycle God says “Let there be a raqia in the midst of the waters”. As mentioned before, in verse 7 of the Hebrew text He says that there are two waters above the raqia and two waters below the raqia [on the earth, see also verse 9]. Apparently the two waters above outer-space are the boundaries that hold the structure of the raqia intact. It could be similar to the way a river keeps a whirl pool spinning. If the river stops, the whirl-pool ceases to exist.¹
    Back to the question of ‘light source’ for night and day: In the Hebrew text, the word for night in Hebrew is ‘lilah’ which means ‘to twist’. Also, in the Hebrew text, night always begins first. Because of this, at first I thought that the spin would have been caused by some sort of heat exchange, perhaps like the way a radiometer works, or that the Spirit of God placed Himself on one side of this mass of water. Does it not say that God dwells in unapproachable light?… and at that point in time the third heaven would have been just outside this mass of water. But there is more to consider;
    What would happen if the surface of a ‘ball’ of water is pushed in and out from all sides at supersonic mega speed, besides lighting up? Would it automatically start spinning before it moved outward? It would depend on how much pressure was exerted at different points on the ‘ball’ of water.
    Then on Day 2 (right after the first spin cycle) we see the ‘lofty waters’ flung out to form the raqia. It was at that time that God set the boundaries of outer-space with the two bodies of water beyond the raqia. At the same time, somewhere in the midst (center) of the ‘ball’ of water, the earth began to form from two distinct bodies of water which were below the raqia according to verse 9.
    Footnotes: ¹[Later on in scripture we read that there will come a day when God rolls up the sky like a scroll. In order to do that do you suppose that He would cause the two waters beyond outer-space to stop moving?]
    In the Hebrew text, the birds fly on the ‘face’ of the raqia (the 2 heavens), verse 20. The sun and the moon are in the raqia (the 2 heavens), verses 15-17.
    If you want to see more details in the Hebrew text, you can find it in the ‘Brain Pickers’ section of the Women’s Resources On Creation Science web site. The title is ‘What does the Genesis 1 Hebrew Text look like?’ link to

    • Thank you, Pam, for your thoughtful comment.

      There’s more to what the raquia was than what a typical modern-language translation might imply. Walter T. Brown suggested something radically different. My next post describes this in detail.

  2. Pingback: Creation Day 2: Firmament - Creation Science Hall of Fame

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